What Are The Types of Scars?
These are several different types of scars including:
- Keloid scars. These scars are the result of an overly aggressive healing process. They extend beyond the original injury. Over time, a keloid scar may hamper movement. Treatments include surgery to remove the scar, steroid injections, or silicone sheets to flatten the scar. Smaller keloids can be treated using cryotherapy (freezing therapy using liquid nitrogen). You can also prevent keloid formation by using pressure treatment or gel pads with silicone when you are injured. Keloid scars are most common among people with dark skin.
- Contracture scars. If your skin has been burned, you may have a contracture scar. These scars tighten skin, which can impair your ability to move. Contracture scars may also go deeper, affecting muscles and nerves.
- Hypertrophic scars. These are raised, red scars that are similar to keloids but do not go beyond the boundary of the injury. Treatments include injections of steroids to reduce inflammation or silicone sheets, which flatten the scar.
- Acne scars. If you've had severe acne, you probably have the scars to prove it. There are many types of acne scars, ranging from deep pits to scars that are angular or wavelike in appearance. Treatment options depend on the types of acne scars you have.
- Scars occur when tissues have been significantly damaged and repaired.
- Scars result in changes that alter the physical architecture of normal skin or other tissue.
- Scars can occur after physical trauma or as part of a disease process.
- Poorly controlled wound healing can result in thick, unsightly scars that cause symptoms.
- There is a genetic predisposition in some people to produce thicker, itchy, enlarging scars called keloids.
- Scarring in areas of increased skin tension or movement tend to be unsightly.
- When wounds are produced surgically, physicians utilize techniques to minimize scarring.
Treating acne scars
Procedures used to diminish scars left by acne include the following:
- Soft tissue fillers. Injecting soft tissue fillers, such as collagen or fat, under the skin and into indented scars can fill out or stretch the skin. This makes the scars less noticeable. Results are temporary, so you would need to repeat the injections periodically. Side effects include temporary swelling, redness and bruising.
- Chemical peels. High-potency acid is applied to your skin to remove the top layer and minimize deeper scars.
- Dermabrasion. This procedure is usually reserved for more severe scarring. It involves sanding (planing) the surface layer of skin with a rotating brush. This helps blend acne scars into the surrounding skin.
- Laser resurfacing. This is a skin resurfacing procedure that uses a laser to improve the appearance of your skin.
- Light therapy. Certain lasers, pulsed light sources and radiofrequency devices that don't injure the epidermis can be used to treat scars. These treatments heat the dermis and cause new skin to form. After several treatments, acne scars may appear less noticeable. This treatment has shorter recovery times than some other methods. But you may need to repeat the procedure more often and results are subtle.
- Skin surgery. Using a minor procedure called punch excision, your doctor cuts out individual acne scars and repairs the hole at the scar site with stitches or a skin graft.
Pre and Post instructions for fractional laser
- Avoid direct sunlight and keep skin moist and cool to aid healing.
- Avoid environmental irritants during healing process (e.g., dust, dirt, aerosols, cleaning agents).
- Avoid dryness and excessive heat.
- Avoid any vigorous exercising for 2 days.
- Stay hydrated, eat healthy foods, and avoid alcohol.
- Redness and a sunburn-type sensation will normally last several hours.
- Neck redness is more persistent and will usually last several days longer than face redness.
- Crust will normally shed within next 3-5 days (Note: skin below neck normally requires up to 2 weeks to peel).
Day Of Treatment
- Keep treated areas covered with topical ointment/cream as instructed by Doctor.
- Apply cooling compresses if needed.
- May take an analgesic (e.g., Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen) for discomfort.
Day 1 (First Day After Treatment)
- Avoid direct sunlight and excessive heat.
- Begin washing face 2-3 times a day with room temperature water.
- May take shower and wash hair. Avoid hot water.
- Re-apply ointment to treated area. Ensure skin remains constantly moist.
- Swelling should subside and skin may feel gritty.
- Itching may appear on this day.
- Continue applying ointment/cream (and cool compresses, if needed).
- Continue washing face with room temperature water.
- AVOID picking and/or scratching.
- Itching usually subsides.
- You may start more aggressive washing with fingertips to promote further exfoliation (do not pick).
- Use non-irritating sunscreen to protect yourself from sun.
- Continue appropriate moisturizer until skin has hydrated back to its normal level (3-4 weeks).
- You may start regular skin care program as long as treated area is healed (no exfoliation).
- Continue applying non-irritating sunblock (SPF 30+).
- Avoid exposure to excessive sun for up to 4 weeks (hat or clothing must be used to protect treated areas).
If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to call Vardaan clinic at 8586071299,9999865805